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Rosetta Stone Inc. Reports First Quarter 2019 Results

Record Lexia revenue drives consolidated year-over-year revenue growth for the first time since 2014

ARLINGTON, Va., May 07, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Rosetta Stone Inc. (NYSE:RST), a world leader in technology-based learning solutions, today announced financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2019.

First Quarter 2019 Highlights

  • Revenue at Lexia Learning ("Lexia"), the Company's Literacy segment, increased 20% year-over-year to a record-high $14.8 million.
  • Revenue within the Consumer Language segment increased 2% year-over-year to $15.4 million. Consumer Net Lifetime Value (“LTV”) added was $7.6 million in the first quarter 2019, up from $7.5 million in the first quarter last year.
  • Revenue within the Enterprise & Education (“E&E”) Language segment decreased 6% year-over-year to $14.4 million.
  • Total operating expenses decreased 3% year-over-year, to $37.7 million. Consolidated first quarter net loss was $0.5 million, an improvement of $5.9 million from a net loss of $6.4 million in the same quarter a year ago, driven by revenue growth, certain non-recurring items and timing of expenses. Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $3.3 million in the first quarter 2019, an increase of $4.6 million, compared to $(1.3) million in the year-ago period.
  • At March 31, 2019 the Company had zero debt outstanding and cash and cash equivalents totaled $28.3 million.

“First quarter results were in-line with our expectations, resulting in consolidated revenue growth for the first time since 2014,” said John Hass, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. “The investments we are making in our K-12 Literacy and Consumer Language businesses have given us a good start to 2019. As we move into the seasonally important second and third quarters for K-12 we are focused on driving the growth of our entire literacy portfolio with both current and new customers.”

Mr. Hass continued, “Moving forward, we will continue to leverage our growing K-12 presence and iconic Rosetta Stone brand to become a global leader in digital learning solutions that positively impacts the lives of learners in schools, homes and businesses around the world.”

First Quarter 2019 Review

Revenue: Total revenue in the first quarter was $44.6 million, compared to $42.8 million in the first quarter of 2018, primarily as a result of revenue growth in the Literacy and Consumer Language segments.

Revenue at Lexia increased 20% year-over-year to $14.8 million. Lexia's sustained revenue growth reflects strong demand for its product portfolio, high retention rates, and increased effectiveness of the Company's direct sales force. Literacy bookings remained flat over the prior year period reflecting a continuing trend of both new and renewal bookings consolidating into the third calendar quarter, which is the beginning of the school operating year.

Consumer Language segment revenue increased 2% year-over-year to $15.4 million, reflecting higher bookings (before SOURCENEXT) and the benefit of previously deferred subscription revenue. Subscribers grew 32% year-over-year to 516,000 at March 31, 2019. Subscriber growth was largely driven by the inclusion of lower priced, shorter initial duration subscriptions in the Company’s portfolio. Subscriptions with a duration of one year or less totaled 45% of the subscription unit mix at the end of the first quarter 2019, up from 37% at the end of the same quarter last year. Consumer Language bookings totaled $15.8 million in Q1 2019, up year over year from $15.2 million before SOURCENEXT and the decommissioned Fit Brains.

E&E Language segment revenue decreased 6% year-over-year to $14.4 million, driven by lower booking levels in 2018 and Q1 of this year, which negatively impacted revenue in the corporate and reseller channels. E&E language bookings decreased $0.3 million, or 4% year-over-year.

US$ thousands, except for percentages

    Three months ended March 31,        
    2019   Mix %     2018   Mix %     % change  
Revenue from:                                  
Literacy   $ 14,806     33 %   $ 12,384     29 %   20 %
E&E Language     14,443     32 %     15,436     36 %   (6 )%
Consumer Language     15,362     35 %     14,988     35 %   2 %
Total Revenue   $ 44,611     100 %   $ 42,808     100 %   4 %
                                   

Net Loss:  In the first quarter 2019, the Company reported a net loss of $0.5 million, or $(0.02) per diluted share. In the comparable period a year ago, the Company reported net loss of $6.4 million, or $(0.29) per diluted share. Total operating expenses decreased $1.4 million, or 3% year-over-year, to $37.7 million driven by decreases in sales and marketing and research and development expenses, partially offset by an increase in general and administrative expense. The year-over-year improvement in net loss also benefited by $3.3 million from three non-recurring items: the $1.4 million gain on sale of assets; a $0.6 million improvement in the income tax provision driven by Virginia’s state adoption of 2017 Tax Reform; and, the absence of a $1.3 million inventory obsolescence charge taken in the first quarter of 2018 associated with the switch from packaged perpetual products to subscription-based offerings in the retail and DTC channels of the Consumer Language segment which did not recur in 2019.

Balance Sheet: The Company had cash and cash equivalents of $28.3 million and zero debt at March 31, 2019. Deferred revenue totaled $146.3 million at March 31, 2019, compared to $162.9 million at December 31, 2018. Short-term deferred revenue, which will be recognized as revenue over the next 12 months, totaled $99.4 million, or approximately 68% of the total March 31, 2019 balance.

Free Cash Flow and Adjusted EBITDA: Net cash used in operating activities was $6.6 million in the first quarter of 2019 compared to $0.4 million in the first quarter last year. Free cash flow, a non-GAAP financial measure, was an outflow of $11.3 million in the first quarter 2019, compared to an outflow of $4.4 million in the same period a year ago. Included in the first quarter 2018 free cash flow was a one-time $4.5 million cash receipt from the Company’s arrangement with SOURCENEXT.

Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $3.3 million in the first quarter 2019, an increase of $4.6 million, compared to $(1.3) million in the year-ago period.

2019 Outlook

The Company is providing the following guidance for the full year ending December 31, 2019 (US$ millions):

     Full Year  
    2018 Actual     2019 Guidance  
Revenue from:                
Literacy   $ 52.8     $ ~63.0  
Combined Language     120.8     Approaching 128.0  
Total Revenue   $ 173.6     $ ~191.0  
GAAP Net Loss     (21.5 )   ~(15.0)  
Adjusted EBITDA     0.2     ~8.0  
Operating Cash Flow1     10.4     ~19.0  
Capital Expenditures     16.9     ~20.0  
Ending Cash Balance2   $ 38.1     $ ~38.0  

1 Includes approximately $4.5 million of SOURCENEXT cash receipts in 2018.
2 Assumes no debt.

Earnings Conference Call

In conjunction with this announcement, Rosetta Stone will host a conference call today at 5:00 p.m. ET during which time there will be a discussion of the results and the business outlook. Investors may dial into the live conference call using 1-201-689-8470 (toll / international) or 1-877-407-9039 (toll-free). A live webcast will also be available in the investor relations section of the Company’s website at http://investors.rosettastone.com. A replay will be made available soon after the live conference call is completed and will remain available until 11:59 p.m. ET on Tuesday, May 14, 2019. Investors may dial into the replay using 1-412-317-6671 and passcode 13689513.

Caution on Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by non-historical statements and often include words such as "outlook," "potential," "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "estimates," "intends," "plans," "seeks" or words of similar meaning, or future-looking or conditional verbs, such as "will," "should," "could," "may," "might," "aims," "intends," "projects," or similar words or phrases. These statements may include, but are not limited to, statements relating to: our business strategy; guidance or projections related to revenue, Adjusted EBITDA, sales, and other measures of future economic performance; the contributions and performance of our businesses including acquired businesses and international operations; projections for future capital expenditures; and other guidance, projections, plans, objectives, and related estimates and assumptions. A forward-looking statement is neither a prediction nor a guarantee of future events or circumstances. In addition, forward-looking statements are based on the Company’s current assumptions, expectations and beliefs and are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our present expectations or projections. Some important factors that could cause actual results, performance or achievement to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: the risk that we are unable to execute our business strategy; declining demand for our literacy or language learning solutions; the risk that we are not able to manage and grow our business; the impact of any revisions to our pricing strategy; the risk that we might not succeed in introducing and producing new products and services; the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations; the adequacy of internally generated funds and existing sources of liquidity, such as bank financing, as well as our ability to raise additional funds; the risk that we cannot effectively adapt to and manage complex and numerous technologies; the risk that businesses acquired by us might not perform as expected; and the risk that we are not able to successfully expand internationally. We expressly disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as required by law. These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements, risks and uncertainties that are more fully described in the Company's filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including those described under the section entitled “Risk Factors” in the Company’s most recent quarterly Form 10-Q filings and Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, and those updated from time to time in our future reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Non-GAAP Financial and Statistical Measures

To supplement the condensed consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"), the Company uses, and this press release contains references to, the non-GAAP financial measures of financial performance listed below.

  • Bookings represents executed contracts received by the Company that are either recorded immediately as revenue or deferred revenue. Therefore, bookings is an operational metric and in any one period is equal to revenue plus the change in deferred revenue.
  • Adjusted EBITDA is GAAP net income/loss plus interest income and expense, other income/expense, income tax benefit/expense, impairment, lease abandonment and termination, depreciation, amortization, stock-based compensation, restructuring, and strategy and cost-reduction related consulting expenses. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA excludes "Other" items related to non-restructuring wind down and severance costs, and transaction and other costs associated with mergers and acquisitions, as well as all adjustments related to recording the non-cash tax valuation allowance for deferred tax assets. Adjusted EBITDA for prior periods has been revised to conform to the current definition.
  • Free cash flow is cash flow from operating activities minus cash used in purchases of property and equipment.
  • Segment contribution is calculated as segment revenue less expenses directly incurred by or allocated to the segment. Direct segment expenses include costs and expenses that are directly incurred by or allocated to the segment and include materials costs, service costs, customer care and coaching costs, sales and marketing expenses, and bad debt expense. In addition to the previously referenced expenses, the Literacy segment includes direct research and development expenses and Combined Language includes shared research and development expenses, cost of revenue, and sales and marketing expenses applicable to the Consumer Language and E&E Language segments. Prior periods have been reclassified to reflect our current segment presentation and definition of segment contribution.

The definitions, GAAP comparisons, and reconciliation of those measures with the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are available in this press release or in the corresponding earnings presentation, which are posted on our website at www.rosettastone.com.

Management believes that these non-GAAP measures of financial results provide useful information to management and investors regarding certain financial and business trends relating to the Company’s financial condition and results of operations, enabling a better understanding of the long-term performance of the Company’s business. Management uses these non-GAAP measures to compare the Company’s performance to that of prior periods for trend analysis, and for budgeting and planning purposes. Management believes that the use of these non-GAAP financial measures provides an additional tool for investors to use in evaluating ongoing operating results and trends and in comparing the Company’s financial measures with other software and education-technology companies, many of which present similar non-GAAP financial measures to investors.

The presentation of this additional financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation from, as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. The Company urges investors to review the reconciliation of its non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP financial measures, which it includes in press releases announcing earnings information, including this press release, or in corresponding earnings presentations, and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate the Company’s business. The Company’s non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to those used by other companies, and we encourage you to review and understand all our financial reporting before making any investment decision.

In addition, this press release contains references to the following statistical measures:

  • North America Consumer DTC and Global App Sales LTV per Unit: The Lifetime Value per unit, or LTV per unit, is an operating metric calculated as the combined value of customers' initial purchases plus an estimate of future renewals based on the median renewal rates observed for recent renewals of similar products. The per unit metric is expressed as the weighted average LTV per unit of all products sold during a given period
  • LTV Added is the LTV per unit multiplied by total new unit sales net of returns.

About Rosetta Stone Inc.

Rosetta Stone Inc. (NYSE: RST) is dedicated to changing people's lives through the power of language and literacy education. The company's innovative digital solutions drive positive learning outcomes for the inspired learner at home or in schools and workplaces around the world.

Founded in 1992, Rosetta Stone's language division uses cloud-based solutions to help all types of learners read, write and speak more than 30 languages. Lexia Learning, Rosetta Stone's literacy education division, was founded more than 30 years ago and is a leader in the literacy education space. Today, Lexia helps students build fundamental reading skills through its rigorously researched, independently evaluated, and widely respected instruction and assessment programs.

For more information, visit www.rosettastone.com. "Rosetta Stone" is a registered trademark or trademark of Rosetta Stone Ltd. in the United States and other countries.

Investors:
Lasse Glassen / Jason Terry
Addo Investor Relations
1-310-829-5400
IR@rosettastone.com

Media Contact:
Andrea Riggs
1-917-572-5555
ariggs@rosettastone.com




ROSETTA STONE INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)

     As of  
    March 31,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Assets                
Current assets:                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 28,287     $ 38,092  
Restricted cash     54       82  
Accounts receivable (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $289 and $372 at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively)     13,738       21,950  
Inventory     1,763       933  
Deferred sales commissions     10,204       11,597  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     5,121       4,041  
Total current assets     59,167       76,695  
Deferred sales commissions     6,332       6,933  
Property and equipment, net     37,693       36,405  
Operating lease right-of-use assets     5,533        
Intangible assets, net     15,462       15,850  
Goodwill     49,000       49,239  
Other assets     1,615       2,136  
Total assets   $ 174,802     $ 187,258  
Liabilities and stockholders' deficit                
Current liabilities:                
Accounts payable   $ 7,345     $ 8,938  
Accrued compensation     10,906       9,046  
Income tax payable     603       328  
Operating lease liabilities     1,800        
Other current liabilities     10,697       13,925  
Deferred revenue     99,443       113,378  
Total current liabilities     130,794       145,615  
Deferred revenue     46,811       49,507  
Deferred income taxes     2,184       2,776  
Operating lease liabilities     3,612        
Other long-term liabilities     1,200       1,368  
Total liabilities     184,601       199,266  
Commitments and contingencies                
Stockholders' deficit:                
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000 and 10,000 shares authorized, zero and zero shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively)            
Non-designated common stock, $0.00005 par value, 190,000 and 190,000 shares authorized, 24,812 and 24,426 shares issued, and 23,812 and 23,426 shares outstanding, at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively)     2       2  
Additional paid-in capital     204,895       202,355  
Treasury stock, at cost; 1,000 and 1,000 shares at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively)     (11,435 )     (11,435 )
Accumulated loss     (200,136 )     (199,592 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (3,125 )     (3,338 )
Total stockholders' deficit     (9,799 )     (12,008 )
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit   $ 174,802     $ 187,258  
                 


ROSETTA STONE INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited) 

    Three months ended March 31,  
    2019     2018  
Revenue   $ 44,611     $ 42,808  
Cost of revenue     8,426       9,434  
Gross profit     36,185       33,374  
Operating expenses                
Sales and marketing     23,238       24,191  
Research and development     5,738       6,306  
General and administrative     8,692       8,532  
Total operating expenses     37,668       39,029  
Loss from operations     (1,483 )     (5,655 )
Other income and (expense):                
Interest income     33       25  
Interest expense     (60 )     (83 )
Other income and (expense)     796       (228 )
Total other income and (expense)     769       (286 )
Loss before income taxes     (714 )     (5,941 )
Income tax (benefit) expense     (170 )     461  
Net loss   $ (544 )   $ (6,402 )
Loss per share:                
Basic   $ (0.02 )   $ (0.29 )
Diluted   $ (0.02 )   $ (0.29 )
Common shares and equivalents outstanding:                
Basic weighted average shares     23,036       22,425  
Diluted weighted average shares     23,036       22,425  
                 


ROSETTA STONE INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited) 

     Three months ended March 31,  
    2019     2018  
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:                
Net loss   $ (544 )   $ (6,402 )
Non-cash adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:                
Stock-based compensation expense     1,220       583  
Loss on foreign currency transactions     708       245  
Bad debt recovery     (13 )     (75 )
Depreciation and amortization     3,529       3,610  
Operating lease costs     526        
Deferred income tax (benefit) expense     (592 )     36  
Gain on disposal or sale of assets     (1,395 )      
Amortization of deferred financing costs     14       34  
Net change in:                
Accounts receivable     8,237       11,038  
Inventory     (829 )     1,467  
Deferred sales commissions     1,997       1,655  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     (789 )     (639 )
Income tax receivable or payable     271       (91 )
Other assets     144       (166 )
Accounts payable     (1,595 )     (58 )
Accrued compensation     2,441       1,597  
Other current liabilities     (2,622 )     (2,413 )
Operating lease liabilities     (544 )      
Other long-term liabilities     (31 )      
Deferred revenue     (16,700 )     (10,839 )
      Net cash used in operating activities     (6,567 )     (418 )
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:                
Purchases of property and equipment     (4,714 )     (3,948 )
Proceeds from sale of assets     996        
     Net cash used in investing activities     (3,718 )     (3,948 )
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options     744       467  
Payment of deferred financing costs     (2 )      
Payments under financing lease liabilities     (110 )     (115 )
     Net cash provided by financing activities     632       352  
Decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash     (9,653 )     (4,014 )
Effect of exchange rate changes in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash     (180 )     193  
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash     (9,833 )     (3,821 )
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—beginning of period     38,174       43,036  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—end of period   $ 28,341     $ 39,215  
                 


ROSETTA STONE INC.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP NET LOSS TO ADJUSTED EBITDA
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

    Three months ended March 31,  
    2019     2018  
GAAP net loss   $ (544 )   $ (6,402 )
Total other non-operating (income) and expense, net     (769 )     286  
Income tax (benefit) expense     (170 )     461  
Depreciation and amortization     3,529       3,610  
Stock-based compensation expense     1,220       583  
Restructuring expense           31  
Other EBITDA adjustments     53       141  
Adjusted EBITDA*   $ 3,319     $ (1,290 )

* Adjusted EBITDA is GAAP net income/loss plus interest income and expense, other income/expense, income tax benefit/expense, impairment, lease abandonment and termination, depreciation, amortization, stock-based compensation, restructuring, and strategy and cost-reduction related consulting expenses. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA excludes “Other” items related to non-restructuring wind down and severance costs, and transaction and other costs associated with mergers and acquisitions, as well as all adjustments related to recording the non-cash tax valuation allowance for deferred tax assets. Adjusted EBITDA for prior periods has been revised to conform to the current definition.



ROSETTA STONE INC.
RECONCILIATION OF CASH USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES TO FREE CASH FLOW
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

    Three months ended March 31,  
    2019     2018  
Net cash used in operating activities   $ (6,567 )   $ (418 )
Purchases of property and equipment     (4,714 )     (3,948 )
Free cash flow *   $ (11,281 )   $ (4,366 )

* Free cash flow is cash flow from operations minus cash used in purchases of property and equipment.



Rosetta Stone Inc.
Supplemental Information
(unaudited)

    Quarter-Ended     Year Ended     Quarter-Ended  
    Mar 31     Jun 30     Sep 30     Dec 31     Dec 31     Mar 31  
    2018     2018     2018     2018     2018     2019  
Revenue by Segment (in thousands, except percentages)                                                
                                                 
Literacy     12,384       12,695       13,215       14,472       52,766       14,806  
E&E Language     15,436       15,356       14,990       14,594       60,376       14,443  
Consumer Language     14,988       15,451       14,545       15,508       60,492       15,362  
Total     42,808       43,502       42,750       44,574       173,634       44,611  
                                                 
YoY Growth (%)                                                
Literacy     22 %     22 %     20 %     20 %     21 %     20 %
E&E Language     (6 )%     (11 )%     (9 )%     (3 )%     (7 )%     (6 )%
Consumer Language     (29 )%     (15 )%     (22 )%     (13 )%     (20 )%     2 %
Total     (10 )%     (5 )%     (7 )%           (6 )%     4 %
                                                 
% of Total Revenue                                                
Literacy     29 %     29 %     31 %     32 %     30 %     33 %
E&E Language     36 %     35 %     35 %     33 %     35 %     32 %
Consumer Language     35 %     36 %     34 %     35 %     35 %     35 %
Total     100 %     100 %     100 %     100 %     100 %     100 %
                                                 
Revenues by Geography                                                
                                                 
United States     36,965       37,759       37,747       39,936       152,407       39,830  
International     5,843       5,743       5,003       4,638       21,227       4,781  
Total     42,808       43,502       42,750       44,574       173,634       44,611  
                                                 
Revenues by Geography (as a %)                                                
United States     86 %     87 %     88 %     90 %     88 %     89 %
International     14 %     13 %     12 %     10 %     12 %     11 %
Total     100 %     100 %     100 %     100 %     100 %     100 %

Prior period data has been modified where applicable to conform to current presentation for comparative purposes. Immaterial rounding differences may be present in this data in order to conform to Financial Statement totals.

 

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